Hood's Disaster   

HoodHood hurried his men to Franklin, staging his troops at Winstead Hill and meeting with his officers at Harrison House. He predicted that the Union would abandon Franklin and head to Nashville if his men attacked, and planned to do so against the counsel of his advisors. Hood's men had no artillery for the mission, but that didn't stop him. He ordered his troops to march across two miles of open field, directly into cannon and artillery fire, with no ability to return fire. In just five hours of continued frontal assault, 10,000 men were dead, wounded or missing. Most were Confederates. By midnight, the Union forces were off to Nashville with Hood and his remaining men following the next day. The local residents were left to bury the dead and tend the wounded in their own homes. The recorded accounts of that afternoon are gruesome, with stories of Confederate bodies piled so deep that some of the dead were left standing among the stacks. On December 16 in Nashville, Hood's struggling army was defeated decisively by Union forces. Hood retreated to Alabama, where he resigned. The Confederate forces never recovered from the heavy losses suffered under his leadership. The Civil War officially ended April 9, 1865, with General Lee's surrender in Appomattox Court House, Virginia. Out of 2.4 million fighting soldiers, 630,000 were killed.


Resource links: 
Carter House - The Battle of Franklin

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